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How is dysplasia treated?

The abnormal cells on your cervix can disappear, or they can progress to more severe dysplasia, or even cervical cancer. It is hard to tell which abnormalities will get better on their own and which, if not treated, will lead to severe disease. However, in general, the more severe abnormalities are more likely to progress. Some health care providers recommend observation and frequent repeat Pap smears if you have mild cervical dysplasia. All providers believe that you must be treated if you have moderate or severe dysplasia.

Treatment means destroying the abnormal areas on the surface of the cervix. You can be treated in several ways, including:

Regardless of the treatment used, the surface of your cervix grows back easily without the abnormal tissue. However, you must have follow-up screening. Many providers recommend repeat PAP smears every 3 months for a year, then every 6 months, and eventually every year.